Heed

Ka Wikipedia
U bood: gooshitaan, raadi
Heed
Sawirgacmeed heeda
Abla-ablayn cilmi ah
Boqortooyo: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Gacal: Poales
Dir: Poaceae
Bah: Pooideae
Duul: Triticeae
Sinji: Hordeum
Jinsi: H. vulgare[1]
Tibix laba magac
Hordeum vulgare
Carl Linnaeus


Heed (Af-Ingiriis: barley; Af-Carabi: شعير) magaca sayniska Hordeum vulgare L., waa xubin ka mid ah dhirta cowsleyda ah ee bixisa midhaha xabada firida ah. Heeda waxaa markii ugu horeeysay taariikhda laga beeran jirey buuroleyda Tibet, ka dibna u soo gudubtey qaarada Aasiya, Afrika iyo Yurub. Sidoo kale, heedu waxay ka mid tahay dhirta cowka u eeg mida loogu beerashada badan yahay caalamka. Tan iyo wakhtiyadii hore, heeda waxaa dadku u isticmaali jireen cunto ahaan, in xoolaha la quudiyo, in laga sameeyo khamriga, in laga sameeyo cabitaano khafiif ah iyo sharaabyo kala duwan. Intaas waxaa dheer, waxaa heeda laga diyaariyaa nooc ka mid ah maraqa bilaa duxda ah, canjeerada iyo noocyo badan oo rooti ah. Midhaha heeda waxaa lagu yaqaanaa ineey yihiin kuwo caafimaad leh, socodiiya caloosha, nafaqo iyo awood siiya xubnaha jidhka.

Sida ay sheegtay Hay'ada Cuntada Aduunku, sanadkii 2007da heedu waxay mida afaraad ee ugu soo saarka badneyd midhaha firileyda ah, taasi oo wadanada caalamku soo saareen ilaa 136 milyan ton heed ah, isla markaana laga beeray deegaan dhan 566,000 kilomitir labo jibaaran (219,000 mayl labo jibaaran).[2]


Bayoloji[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Heed
muuqaalka isweydaarka xididaha heeda

Geedka heedu wuxuu xubin ka yahay dhirta cowsleyda ah. Geedkani isaga ayaa isbacarimiya, wuxuuna leeyahay jiinisyo ka kooban 14 koromosoom. Noocyada geedaha ay ka soo tafiirantay heedu waxay si xoogan uga baxaan xoogaga iyo banaanada deegaanda carada nafaqada leh ee Galbeedka Aasiya iyo Koonfurbari Afrika.[3]

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, cilmibaadis lagu sameeyay asalkii hore iyo raadraaca geedka heeda ayaa wuxuu iskugu biyo shubtay wadanka Tibet oo noqotey meeshii ugu horeeysay ee geedka heeda lagu dhaqan jirey wakhti aad u badan ka hor.[4]

Dhaqasho[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Heeda duurjooga ahi waxay leedahay qolof yuuban, goorta ay qaangaadho qoloftaasi way ka hadhaa, waxaana soo baxa firida oo kali ah. Si taasi ka duwan, heeda la dhaqdo ama dadku beeraan ma lahan qoloftaasi yuuban, taasi oo markaasi ka dhigeeysa fudeeyd goortii la goosan lahaa waa marka eey bislaato ee. Qolof la'aanta heeda la dhaqdo waxaa keenay midowga labo jiinis kuwaasi oo kala ah Bt1 iyo Bt2; waana astaan ay leeyihiin dhamaan heeda dadku beertaan.[5]

Muuqaalka[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Qoraalo La Xidhiidha[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

Tixraac[Wax ka bedel | wax ka bedel xogta]

  1. Template:ITIS
  2. "FAOSTAT". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Archived from the original on 8 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  3. Zohary, Daniel; Maria Hopf (2000). Domestication of Plants in the Old World: The Origin and Spread of Cultivated Plants in West Asia, Europe, and the Nile Valley (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 59–69. ISBN 0-19-850357-1. http://books.google.com/?id=C1H6_XWJS_gC&pg=PA59&vq=barley&dq=Domestication+of+Plants+in+the+Old+World:+The+Origin+and+Spread+of+Cultivated+Plants+in+West+Asia,+Europe,+and+the+Nile+Valley. 
  4. Dai, F.; Nevo, E.; Wu, D.; Comadran, J.; Zhou, M.; Qiu, L.; Chen, Z.; Beiles, A.; et al. (2012). "Tibet is one of the centers of domestication of cultivated barley". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109 (42): 16969. doi:10.1073/pnas.1215265109. 
  5. {clarify|reason=Is it possible to paraphrase "homozygous for the mutant allele" in language a lay person can understand? Even following the two links did not clear up my confusion. I understood this section just fine up to that point.|date=November 2014}
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