Dir

Ka Wikipedia
U bood: gooshitaan, raadi
Dir
دار
Meelaha ay ku badan yihiin
 Soomaaliya 1,378,930
 Jabuuti 751,609,132
 Itoobiya 450,540,000
 Kiinya 100,820,200
 Ingiriiska 15,274
Luqada

Af-Soomaali

Diinta

Sunni Islam, Suufi, Ahle Quran

Dadka ay dhalyo wadagaan

Isaaq, Hawiye, Daarood, Raxanweyn iyo qabiilo Soomaali kale

Dir, magaca saxda ah: Abukar (Af-Ingiriis: Dir; Af-Carabi: در , قبيلة در , بنو در , قبيلة أبوكار , بنو أبوكار), sidoo kale loo yaqaano: Dirweyn, Direed, Beesha Direed, Dhar, Dur waa beelweyn ka tirsan qabiilada Soomaalida taasi oo juquraafi ahaan degta afar wadan oo ku yaala Geeska Afrika. Beesha Dir waxaa laga helaa dhamaan deegaanada Shanta Soomaaliyeed kuwaasi oo kala ah: Djibouti(ahaan jirtey: French Somaliland(1)), Soomaaliya(ahaan jirtey: British Somaliland(2) iyo Italian Somaliland(3)), wadanka Kenya, Gobolka Waqooyi Bari(4) iyo dalka Itoobiya, deegaanka Soomaali Galbeed, iyo sidoo kale Deegaanada Oromia iyo deegaanka Canfarta(5).[1][2][3][4]

Qoraalka gudaha oo kooban

Tafiirta

Odaygii Dir ama Abuukar wuxuu dhalay afar wiil, kuwaasi oo la kala odhan jirey:

  • Haytham bin Abukar -Madahweyne Dir
  • Salah bin Abukar - Mandaluug Dir
  • Nuur bin Abukar - Madoobe Dir
  • Khalid bin Abukar - Meha Dir

Sidoo kale waxaa la sheegaa, in Dir leedahay beel kale oo lagu magacaabo Qaldho Dir.

Qeybaha

Beelaha ugu waaweyn ee Dirta maanta waa:

  • Isaaq , inkastoo beeshani sheegato ineey ka soo jeedo Isxaaq ibn Ahmed; isla markaana Dir ka mid ahayn.[9]

Sidoo kale fiiri

Tixraac

  1. http://dspace-roma3.caspur.it/bitstream/2307/4150/1/Clanship,%20conflict%20and%20refugees_An%20introduction%20to%20Somalis%20in%20the%20Horn%20of%20Africa.pdf CLANSHIP, CONFLICT AND REFUGEES: AN INTRODUCTION TO SOMALIS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA Guido Ambroso Page 6
  2. Garre live in Southern Somalia, North Eastern Kenya and Southern Ethiopia. In Southern Somalia, they live in Kofur near Mogadishu and El Wak District in Gedo Province. In Ethiopia, they live in Moyale, Hudet and Woreda of Liban zone. In Kenya, the Garre inhabit Wajir North and Moyale. UNDP paper http://www.undp.org/content/dam/kenya/docs/Amani%20Papers/AP_Volume1_n2_May2010.pdf
  3. Hayward, R. J.; Lewis, I. M. (2005-08-17) (in en). Voice and Power. Routledge. p. 242. ISBN 9781135751753. https://books.google.com/books?id=_8D0gYZZVKEC. 
  4. The Quranyo section of the Garre claim descent from Dirr, who are born of the Irrir Samal. UNDP Paper in Keyna http://www.undp.org/content/dam/kenya/docs/Amani%20Papers/AP_Volume1_n2_May2010.pdf
  5. (in en) Africa Confidential. Miramoor Publications Limited. 1994-01-01. pp. 17. https://books.google.com/books?id=N1wOAQAAMAAJ. 
  6. Ahmed, Ali Jimale (1995-01-01) (in en). The Invention of Somalia. The Red Sea Press. pp. 131. ISBN 9780932415998. https://books.google.com/books?id=XpdAzRYruCwC. 
  7. Verdier, Isabelle (1997-05-31) (in en). Ethiopia: the top 100 people. Indigo Publications. pp. 13. ISBN 9782905760128. https://books.google.com/books?id=dcMtAQAAIAAJ. 
  8. Regional & Federal Studies Volume 24, Issue 5, 2014 Special Issue: Federalism and Decentralization in Sub-Saharan Africa Ethnic Decentralization and the Challenges of Inclusive Governance in Multiethnic Cities: The Case of Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
  9. I.M. Lewis, A Modern History of the Somali, fourth edition (Oxford: James Currey, 2002), p. 22
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